Practicum Report Essay Sample

Guided and inspired by the University axiom Ciencia Y Virtud. CEU seeks to be the University of First Choice – the taking higher instruction establishment furthering excellence in the chase of cognition while breeding personal unity and societal duty. It is committed to:

Supply a rich and stimulating academic environment in order to advance originative and scholarly academic chases among its module and to fit pupils with the cognition. accomplishments. sound moral values. and an grasp of humanistic disciplines and civilization that would fix them to go productive and advanced professionals with a committedness to state edifice in the context of one universe ; Enhance the development of higher instruction in the Philippines through its exemplar academic plans and patterns. leading in professional organisations. and engagement in academic pool ; Contribute to the publicity of human wellness and wellbeing through high-quality plans in wellness professional instruction. research. and community service.


V – Valuing others. caring for them and authorising them

A – Accountability. unity and trustiness

L – Lifelong acquisition as persons and as an organisation

U – Unity. teamwork and trueness

E – Excellence in all enterprises

S – Social duty as citizens of the Filipino state and of the universe

Quality Policy
Centro Escolar University is committed to supply QUALITY. RELEVANT. TIMELY
and EFFECTIVE SERVICE and SUPPORT to the University Community through an efficient organisational system imbued with values and professionalism.

Quality Aims

In implementing the quality policy. CEU will:
1. Develop and keep qualified and competent human resources ; 2. Attain organisational integrity and effectivity ;
3. Ensure functional and efficient systems ;
4. Disseminate information expeditiously to the different maps ; 5. Identify the demands of the University community ;
6. Supply equal resources and installations ; and
7. Improve quality services continuously through a antiphonal feedback mechanism. History


Saudi Arabian Airlines Profile

In 1962 Saudi Arabian was the first Middle Eastern air hose operation a jet airliner. when two Boeing 720?s were delivered. Nowadays Saudia Airlines flies one of the youngest fleet in the part. including Boeing 747-400 and 777-200 aircraft with a sum of 139 aircraft. Besides being Saudi Arabia?s domestic and international air hose. Saudi Arabian besides provides royal and government-related flights. provided by particular aircraft types. Saudi Arabian Airlines ( ?????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ) operating as Saudia ( Arabic: ?????????as-Sa?udiyyah ) is the flag bearer air hose of Saudi Arabia. based in Jeddah.

The air hose reverted to its brief English trade name name Saudia ( used from 1972 to 1996 ) from Saudi Arabian Airlines ( historic name in usage until 1971 and reintroduced in 1997 ) on 29 May 2012. the name was changed to observe the company’s entry into the Sky Team Airline confederation on that twenty-four hours. and it was a portion of a larger rebranding enterprise. It operates domestic and international scheduled flights to over 90 finishs in the Middle East. Africa. Asia. Europe and North America. Domestic and international charter flights are operated. largely during Ramadan and the Hajj season.

The airline’s chief operational base is at Jeddah-King Abdulaziz International Airport ( JED ) . Other major hubs are Riyadh-King Khalid International Airport ( RUH ) . and Dammam-King Fahd International Airport ( DMM ) . The new Dammam airdrome was opened for commercial usage on 28 November 1999. Dhahran International Airport in usage until so has reverted to being used as a military base. Saudia is a member of the Arab Air Carriers Organization. The air hose joined the Sky Team Airline confederation on May 29. 2012.

The air hose used to be the largest bearer in the part. but because of the growing of other airdromes and air hoses has become the 3rd largest. behind Emirates and Qatar Airways. Saudi Arabian Airlines is the national air hose of Saudi Arabia. based in Jeddah. It operates domestic and international scheduled flights to over 70 finishs in the Middle East. Africa. Asia. Europe and North America.

Domestic and international charter flights are operated. largely during Ramadan and the Hajj season. The airline’s chief operational base is at Jeddah-King Abdulaziz International Airport ( JED ) . Other major hubs are Riyadh-King Khalid International Airport ( RUH ) . and Dammam-King Fahd International Airport ( DMM ) . Saudi Arabian Airlines is a member of the Arab Air Carriers Organization and IATA.

In 1945 Saudi Arabian Airlines was founded when a DC-3 Dakota was given to King Abdul Aziz by US president Roosevelt after their meeting at the Suez Canal. This aircraft was used for both riders and lading flights. During these first old ages. the air hose was considered an operating bureau of the Ministry of Defense. In 46 their first airdrome was established at Kandara. presents called Jeddah. In the remainder of the 40s two more DC-3?s were purchased and in 1949 the first of five Bristol 170?s was delivered. With the Bristol it was possible to transport cargo and riders on the same flight. With the enlargement. new metropoliss like Cairo. Damascus and Beirut were served. In the 50?s we saw a slow but steady growing.

New services were started to Istanbul. Karachi. Amman. Kuwait metropolis. Asmara. Riyadh and Port Sudan. With all these new finishs the fleet had to be expended. Five DC-4?s and 10 Convair 340?s were added. The CV340 was the first pressurized aircraft in the Saudi stock list. In 1959 the first care Centre was opened in Jeddah. In 1961 the jet age started for Saudi Arabian. With the order and bringing of two Boeing 720?s in 1962. the air hose was the first air hose in the Middle East that operated a jet-airliner. On 19 February 1963 Saudi Arabian became an indented company. New planes were bought ( DC-6?s and B707?s ) and new services were started to Sharjah. Tehran. Khartoum. Dubai. Bombay. Tunis. Rabat. Tripoli. Frankfurt. Geneva. and London.

Saudi Arabian besides became a member of the Arab Air Carriers Organization ( AACO ) . In 1967 a new type. the DC-9. was introduced in the fleet. In the 1970?s there were many alterations. First of all the air hose was renamed Saudia and the livery was changed. Besides two new types. the B737 and B747 were introduced. The Boeing 737 replaced the DC-9. CV340 and DC-3?s. A sum of 20 737-200 were used. Saudia besides started the first all lading service to Europe. New services were besides started to Rome. Paris. Muscat. Kano and Stockholm. 1975 saw the debut of the first widebody aircraft aircraft. the Lockheed L-1011 Tristar and the twin-prop Fairchild F-27J.

The particular flight service division was founded in 1976 to supply Royal and authorities flights. On February 1 1979. the air hose commenced joint operations with Pan Am from Dhahran to New York utilizing long-range Boeing B747-SPs to accomplish non-stop capableness. Saudia Arabia suffered the first major air calamities in the 80?s. see the aircraft losingss page for more information. Many new paths were introduced to several European metropoliss and finishs in Asia. Africa and North America.

In 1980 the Fokker F-28 Fellowship was introduced to replace the Fairchild F-27. As a launch client. Saudi Arabian received the first of 11 Airbus A300?s. A new type was besides introduced with the SFS. the Cessna Citation II. In the 90’s even more finishs were introduced. Besides new aircraft types joined the fleet and replaced older types. New services were started to Orlando. Madras. Tokyo. Washington D. C. . Johannesburg. Alexandria. Athens. Milan. Malaga and Sanaa. The 2nd calamity took topographic point in 1996 when a B747 incinerated in a mid-air alliance with a Kazakhstan Il-76. New aircraft types were introduced like the MD-90. MD-11 and the first B777-268 ( HZ-AKB ) in 1998. *


In 2000 and on the livery was changed once more and the air hose was renamed to it?s old name: Saudi Arabian Airlines. Prince Sultan Bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud signed a contract to carry on surveies for the denationalization of the air hose. The concluding B777 was delivered in August 2001 finishing the following coevals fleet. In 2002 a new Golden service was started to Europe. the US. Dubai and Kuala Lumpur. Particular Flight Services ( SFS )

Saudi Arabian Special Flight Services ( SFS ) was established in 1976 as a division of Saudi Arabian. The intent of this particular division is supplying Royal- . Government flights and famous person charters. *



Saudi Arabian Airlines Mission/Vision


Provide safe. secure and efficient service to all its clients. thereby guaranting a continuity and profitableness of the concern. Mission
* We will go the most preferable and respected land managing service supplier presenting sustainable value by * Providing professional Ground Handling Services to our esteemed Customer Airlines. * Achieving excellence in Safety. Quality and Security in Operations * Focusing on the civilization of sustainability

* Ensuring growing and presenting value to the stakeholders * Constantly bettering invention to our services. procedures and our merchandises. * Strengthening the repute as the safest and dependable Ground Service Provider in Saudi Arabia * Using the latest tools. methods. ideas and policies in order to continually better ourselves. maintaining safety and security in focal point and maintain abreast with the demands of the modern universe.


Saudi Arabian Airlines ( Saudia ) is the national air hose of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the largest air hose in the Middle East. It flies 12 billion riders per twelvemonth. The air hose carries many perceivers as they make an one-year pilgrim’s journey. the hadj. to the holiest of finishs in the Muslim universe. Saudia Arabian spiritual pattern prevents the bearer from functioning alcoholic drinks to riders and besides informs certain forces policies. 1940s Beginnings

The beginning of Saudi Arabian Airlines goes back to April 1945. when U. S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt presented a individual Douglas DC-3 to King Abdul Aziz ibn Saud. This aircraft was rapidly put into service to transport riders and mail between the country’s three chief metropoliss: Jeddah. Riyadh. and Dhahran. By the terminal of 1945 an extra four DC-3 aircraft had been purchased by the Saudi Arabian authorities. Under the auspices of the Saudi Ministry of Defense and using the bing authorities equipment and forces. Saudi Arabian Airlines was formed in September 1946. In October of the same twelvemonth the first international flight took off for Jerusalem. returning via Beirut transporting pilgrims bound for Mecca.

By the terminal of the twelvemonth the first abroad office was taking engagements in Cairo. The first of the scheduled operations utilizing these aircraft began in 1947 with a service between Riyadh. Hofuf. Dhahran. and the summer capital. Jeddah. There besides were regular international flights to Cairo. Damascus. and Beirut. By 1949 the fleet had expanded to 13 aircraft with more DC-3s and the airline’s foremost Bristol 170 nose-loading cargo aircraft. The close relationship between Saudi Arabia and the turning American involvements in the part continued in the 1950s when direction and proficient services for the fledgeling air hose were provided by Trans World Airlines ( TWA ) of the United States.

The fleet of DC-3s was expanded in the early 1950s with the add-on of 10 Convair 340s. two Douglas DC-4s from the United States. and another Bristol 170 bottom from England. The swift enlargement was undertaken in response. in portion. to the great demand from Islamic pilgrims wishing to go to the two sanctum mosques in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

The early international enlargement of the airline’s web was dictated in big portion by this demand and by the terminal of 1953 services runing to Amman. Jordan ; Asmara. Ethiopia ; Bahrain ; Basra. Iraq ; Istanbul. Turkey ; Karachi. Pakistan ; and Kuwait. On the domestic forepart. the airline’s function in the kingdom’s economic development was important. In a province more than five times the size of California with a population of less than ten million in the fiftiess. air travel proved to be the lone fast and efficient method of linking many of the scattered and distant towns and metropoliss.

In the mid-1950s airdromes at the domestic centres of Madinah. Buraydah. Najran. Jizan. and Khamis Mushayt were modernized and upgraded and joined the spread outing domestic web. Saudia moved into the jet age in 1962 with the acquisition of two Boeing 720s with long-range capablenesss and siting capacities of 119 riders each. The new aircraft were put into service on the Cairo. Amman. and Beirut paths. In February 1963 a royal edict was issued by King Faisal doing Saudi Arabian Airlines a lawfully independent. commercial entity with its ain board of managers. The edict besides stipulated a form for future growing through modernisation and enlargement of the air hose concern and through the proviso of preparation installations and backup services.

Traveling International in the sixtiess

The mid-1960s proverb a steady integrating of the air hose into the international air hose community. In 1965 it joined the Arab Air Carriers Organization ( AACO ) and inaugurated a new service to Bombay the undermentioned twelvemonth. In 1967 Saudi Arabian Airlines became a member of the International Air Transport Association ( IATA ) and inaugurated its first European service to Geneva. Frankfurt. and London. A new livery besides was introduced on the fleet of airliners in 1972. and the name “Saudia” was adopted as a shorter option to the longer official name. By the early 1970s Saudi Arabia was profiting from important economic enlargement as a consequence of the activities of foreign oil companies in the land.

With the exclusion of the opinion Arab chief. the land itself was non having an equal portion of the net incomes of the monolithic international oil concern. Following the 1973 to 1974 oil monetary value hikings that were promoted smartly by Saudi Arabian representation at the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries ( OPEC ) . grosss from the oil concern increased dramatically. Much of the new wealth was invested outside the land. but a ample proportion was invested in the domestic economic system and substructure. This gave a farther encouragement to Saudia’s activities as demand for internal and external cargo flights increased. as did the figure of foreign workers come ining the land for short- or long-run contracts.

In 1973 Saudia carried a little more than one million riders for the first clip. By 1975 the one-year figure of riders carried had risen to three million. This unprecedented addition in demand was given a farther drift in 1975 when a menu cut of 25 per centum was announced by the air hose for all domestic paths. To run into the new demand. the swift enlargement plan was accelerated. Between the beginning of 1975 and the terminal of 1976. the fleet had grown through the purchase of two Fokker F-27s. five more Boeing 707s. nine Boeing 737s. and seven long-haul Lockheed Tristars. The cargo division of Saudia was the following country to see a major enlargement. In 1977 three DC-8 bottom aircraft were leased together with three more Tristars. two Boeing 707s. and two 737s. and for the first clip the air hose leased two Boeing 747s.

The first of the kingdom’s concatenation of new international airdromes in Jeddah neared completion and the contract was signed to construct “Saudia City”–at 1. 5 million square metres. the largest lodging composite of all time built by any air hose for its staff. In 1978 the high degree of re-equipment and enlargement continued. In that twelvemonth three more Boeing 737s were purchased and an extra 747 was leased to run into demand on the long-haul paths. The undermentioned twelvemonth the air hose opened the $ 40 million Flight Training Center in Jeddah equipped with the latest flight preparation equipment. This was designed to guarantee that the airline’s demands for qualified crews would be met up to and beyond the twelvemonth 2000.

The rapid enlargement of the in-between to late 1970s was non sustainable in the long term. and in 1980 a five-year development program was announced that located accent on upgrading service and guaranting a controlled enlargement of about 30 per centum more riders carried each twelvemonth. The program made proviso for telling new wide-bodied aircraft: eight Boeing 747-100s. two 747-SPs. and 11 Airbus A300-600s. By the terminal of the five-year program in 1985. an extra proviso had been made for the purchase of 10 Boeing 747-300s. five of which entered service that twelvemonth. By the terminal of the five-year program. the fleet had grown to 104 largely modern jet line drives. and the entire figure of riders carried had increased by more than threefold to a stable 10. 8 million in 1985.

Of these. about seven million were carried on domestic paths. a figure significantly lower than that of the record-breaking old twelvemonth when the entire stood at 11. 34 million riders. The twelvemonth 1985 was besides Saudia’s 40th anniversary twelvemonth. Looking back over the history of his company. Captain Ahmed Mattar. Saudia’s Director General. said at the clip. “Throughout its history. Saudia has been committed to growing and advancement. incorporating at every chance the latest proficient developments in the extremely competitory field of international air conveyance. There has been no clip in the last 40 old ages when Saudia has been content to stand still. ”

In acknowledgment of his part to Saudia and to the international air hose concern. the undermentioned twelvemonth Captain Mattar was appointed to the executive commissions of AACO and IATA. By the fortieth anniversary twelvemonth. Saudia had seen a great enlargement in demand for its lading services from companies in the oil. petrochemical. and associated industrial sectors for the rapid transit of high-value industrial equipment and tools. That twelvemonth saw the entire weight of lading handled addition to 165 million kgs. an addition of more than 20 per centum from the old twelvemonth.

Continuing Expansion in the eightiess

In the mid-1980s Saudia besides started the execution of lading handling for other air hoses runing flights into the land. Saudia’s turning lading managing activities were boosted in 1983 with the gap of the new Saudi Air Cargo Building ( SACB ) at the new King Khaled International Airport in Riyadh. With equipment to manage more than 140. 000 metric dozenss a twelvemonth. the installation became the largest of its sort in the Middle East and one of the most sophisticated in the universe in footings of information and cargo-handling engineering. The SACB included a particular moorage installation that allowed up to three 747 aircraft to drop straight into the cargo managing terminus. Besides during the mid-1980s. Saudia’s enlargement was still come oning. with Africa and Europe seeing a big part of the enlargement. In April 1986 twice hebdomadal flights were started to Kano. Nigeria.

In May flights were introduced to Cameroon and Senegal. and in June flights to Amsterdam and Brussels commenced. Saudia’s lading concern continued to spread out during 1988 with the first flight from the land to the new Saudia lading cargo managing hub in Taiwan. The undermentioned twelvemonth Saudia took bringing of its first made-to-order Boeing 747-F bottom with a capacity of 100 dozenss. The aircraft was put to work instantly on the Far East freight path. The twelvemonth 1990 was possibly Saudia’s most traumatic to day of the month. The Iraqi invasion and business of Kuwait. followed by the eventual military action to coerce the Iraqis out of Kuwait. caused great break to the universe economic system and particularly to the air hose concern for many months after the combat had stopped.

For Saudia the immediate consequence of the Iraqi invasion was the break of scheduled services within the part. Servicess to Baghdad and Kuwait were suspended and all other regional and long-haul flights suffered some signifier of break. With the airline’s chief concern centres in Jeddah. Riyhad. and Dhahran moving as of import logistical bases for the monolithic military buildup in the part. air space for military usage became a precedence. One twelvemonth after the terminal of the Gulf War. merely 75 per centum of the air services within the part that were halted during the struggle had been resumed. Furthermore. intraregional air traffic had fallen by about 30 per centum compared with the 1989 degree.

For Saudia. the fiscal impact of the Gulf War in footings of reduced gross and higher insurance premiums forced the air hose to stop dead its program for a swift modernisation plan affecting the replacing of all of the company’s Boeing 737s. some of which were more than 20 old ages old. The Middle East Economic Digest quoted Saudia’s executive vice-president for operations. Adnan Dabbagh. as stating: “We did hold a program expecting some fleet replacings but. with the crisis. everything is being postponed until things get back to normal. ” Dabbagh confirmed programs to dispose of the fleet of 737s. but noted that they could non be replaced until funding became available for new aircraft.

Over the class of its development. Saudia has tended to follow a policy of concern enlargement in response to turning demand. The air hose has benefited greatly from its domestic market. which has expanded quickly and steadily. This attack has resulted in a stabilisation of rider volumes in recent old ages. Harmonizing to Jane’s Airline Directory. Saudia’s prudent attack “has protected the air hose from the worst of the economic and traffic downswing in the Middle East by and large. following the rapid diminution in the oil monetary value. ”

Although the airline’s rapid enlargement has been singular. its operating losingss of $ 163. 5 million in 1990. along with the chance of increasing competition between the other regional and national bearers. created some uncertainness for Saudia over the following few old ages. This was compounded by Saudi Arabia’s hapless dealingss with a figure of its geographically close neighbours. including Iraq. Iran. and Israel. To day of the month. nevertheless. the air hose besides had proved that good dealingss with close neighbours was non a requirement for successful concern.

Beyond the 1990s

As Saudia depended on other states for labour. in the 1990s it intensified its preparation plan to guarantee a supply of Saudi workers and pilots. At the clip. all of the female flight attenders were aliens ; the other half of the cabin crew were all Saudi. as were three-fourthss of the proficient staff. In 1994. in the aftermath of the Persian Gulf War. President Clinton announced a $ 6 billion order was forthcoming from Saudia Arabia. and all of it would be for U. S. aircraft at the disbursal of Airbus Industrie. The following twelvemonth. Saudia ordered 23 Boeing 777s and five Boeing 747 elephantine jets. every bit good as four MD-11 aircraft and 29 MD-90 built by McDonnel Douglas. The latter aircraft featured the Honeywell Pegasus advanced flight direction system. doing Saudia the launch client for these avionics.

The monolithic order came to be deserving $ 7. 5 billion. The first Boeings. scheduled to get in 1997. were delivered tardily amid rumours of funding jobs on the portion of the Saudis. Although oil prognosiss were better than expected. the state carried a about $ 5 billion budget shortage and Gulf War debt. To supply excess capacity without farther taxing its capital resources. in early 1997 the company leased four Boeing 747 aircraft from an Icelandic house. Subsequently that twelvemonth it was reported that J. P. Morgan would be publishing a seven-year. $ 4. 33 billion syndicated loan to ease its first payments on the 61-aircraft order it made in 1995.

Many national air hoses in the Middle East struggled in the 1990s. motivating a call for an “open skies” policy among regional bearers. Jordan’s Prince Faisal Bin Al Hussein challenged the efficaciousness of major bearers functioning such short paths with half-full elephantine jets. Prince Faisal implored that developing a regional web in the country would really make more concern for the big province air hoses in the long tally. Arab-Israeli tenseness remained a volatile barrier to the type of regional cooperation Prince Faisal was seeking. In the spring of 1998 the airline’s Khalid bin Bakr announced a displacement in the civilization of the air hose intended to smooth the manner towards denationalization. New company colourss were portion of the strategy. Saudia was spread outing its lading operations at the same clip.